Mineral Content: A Comparison of the Springs
Explanation of the Minerals
|The water analysis from the Berger Urquell
can be found here.
Much thanks goes to the Chemischen Institut des Amtes für Umweltschutz
for supplying us with this data!
MINERALS: GeNERAL INFORMATION
Mineral water does not supply all the necessary minerals required
by the body.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Gives the water the fresh, sparkling taste. It also helps to keep the water clean.
Carbon dioxide is also responsible for the following:
1. It conserves the water so that is tastes fresh longer.
2. It keeps hydrogen carbonate in the solution that would otherwise
3. It promotes digestion by increasing the stomach's ability to resorb.
Sodium (Na +)
Sodium is essential for the exchange of water between the cells. It
is also important for the working of muscles, enabling contraction.
Together with chloride, sodium forms our normal
salt, used to spice up our regular diet. While too much salt is unhealthy,
none at all can result in weakness, illness, muscle cramps and in
some cases even break down of vital body functions.
Recommended Daily Allowance: 2 g for adults
Potassium (K +)
Potassium is needed for the regulation of water in the cells. It
maintains osmotic pressure and is also responsible for the transmission
of nerve impulses and for muscle contractions. Potassium helps maintain
the balance of fluids, thus helping to prevent dehydration and excess
Recommended Daily Allowance: 2 to 5 g. This is usually covered by
the regular daily diet.
Magnesium (Mg ++)
Magnesium is essential for bones and cells, especially the muscular
cells. It helps maintain the muscular and nervous equilibrium. It
is also used for building bones and tendons and in the construction
of many enzymes. Together with calcium, magnesium provides electricity
for the heart. Magnesium is also useful in fighting osteoporosis and
Recommended Daily Allowance: approx. 250 - 350 mg
Calcium (Ca ++)
Calcium is used to build bones and teeth. A lack of calcium over time
may lead to osteoporosis. Muscle activity and transmission of nerve
signals also relies on calcium. Together with magnesium, calcium provides
electricity for the heart.
Recommended Daily Allowance: 800 mg - 1000 mg;
For growing people (11 to 24 years of age) and for pregnant women about 1200 mg is recommended.
Iron (Fe ++, Fe +++)
Iron is used to build up red blood cells. It is part of haemoglobin,
the carrier of the oxygen in your blood. Indications of a lack of
iron are tiredness, weakness, pale skin, cold hands and feet, insomnia,
brittle hair and nails, sickness, constipation, and even impotence.
Iron that is not used is stored in internal organs and damages them.
It may lead to liver cirrhosis or diabetes.
Recommended Daily Allowance:
Men, and women that are not menstruating:
Women during menstruation: 15 mg (because of loss of blood)
Pregnant women: 30 mg
Children: 10 mg
Your diet should contain about ten times that much, since your body
can absorb only about 5 to 10 percent of that.
Chloride (Cl -)
Together with sodium , chloride forms our normal salt, used to spice
up our regular diet. Chlorine and sodium are used to maintain osmotic
pressure in the cells. As part of the digestive acids in the stomach,
it plays an important role in the digestion.
Recommended Daily Allowance: 1700 mg - 5100 mg
Sulfate (So4 - -)
Sulfur, the "S-part" of sulfate, is essential in maintaining
healthy, flexible cells. It is also part of many enzymes. Lack of
sulfur inhibits the body to repair damaged cells properly.
Nitrate is an inorganic compound that occurs under a variety of conditions
in the environment, both naturally and synthetically. Nitrate does
not normally cause health problems unless it is reduced to nitrite.
Nitrite (NO2) can be formed from nitrate by a chemical process called
Nitrate in drinking water is measured either in terms of the amount
of nitrogen present or in terms of both nitrogen and oxygen. Unless
otherwise specified, nitrate levels usually refer only to the amount
of nitrogen present, and the usual standard, therefore, is 10 mg/l.
Short-term exposure to drinking water with a nitrate level at or just
above the health standard of 10 mg/l nitrate-N is a potential health
problem primarily for infants. Babies consume large quantities of
water relative to their body weight, especially if water is used to
mix powdered or concentrated formulas or juices. Also, their immature
digestive systems are more likely than adult digestive tracts to allow
the reduction of nitrate to nitrite. In particular, the presence of
nitrite in the digestive tract of newborns can lead to a disease called
Note: This guide can only give a general overview of these minerals and their possible effects on the human body. It cannot and does not want to replace a doctor. If you are unsure about some aspect, or feel unweell, please consult professional help.
Source: Mineral Waters of the World (www.mineralwaters.org) and the
Cornell Cooperative Extension.